Kathmandu Durbar Square lies at the center of the Kathmandu Valley and it is registered as a UNESCO world heritage site. It is an ancient architecture and Newari culture and its surrounds and is enclosed by a square boundary. It is the royal palace of Nepalese kings for centuries.
When Malla Kings ruled the Kathmandu valley at that time Durbar Square was constructed around the 3rd century. The major development of the place is boosted by King Pratap Malla and added Newari flavor to it. Jaya Prakash Malla built Kumari Bahal and is known as the living god in Newari culture.
Kasthamandap is built from one single tree which is known as the house of wood. In the old days, it used to be a community hall where people gather for the ceremony, later it was made into a temple.
There are other things to see around the places like Hanuman Dhoka, Mahendreshvara Temple, Taleju Temple, Jagannath Temple, Mul Chowk, Nasal Chowk, Vilar Temple, Ashok Binayak Shrine, and Simha Sattal.
Due to the massive earthquake in 2015, many heritage were damaged and it is being reconstructed again.
The valley was ruled by Malla Dynasty from the 13th century to the 18th century. For occupying Kathmandu Valley, the Kingdom of Nepal constructed four more observatories southeast of Kathmandu Durbar Square. Narayani Palace was built in 1886 all kings of the Shah Dynasty live in Palace. Kathmandu Durbar Square go through many modifications as per the rulers at different periods, which resembles different designs and styles of monuments. Jaya Prakash Malla built Kumari Bahal during 1560 – 1574. King Mahendra Malla built temples such as Jagannath Temple, Mahendreswara Temple, Kotilingeshwara Mahadev, and Taleju Temple.
The attraction of Kathmandu Durbar Square
- Kumari Bahal
- Hanuman Dhoka
- Taleju Temple
- Kala Bhairav
- Jagannath Temple